Tae Kwon Do Terminology Glossary (English and Korean)

This is a glossary of general Taekwondo and Tang Soo Do terms in English and the Korean equivalent. I have included multiple pronunciations and both older and newer Korean versions. This is still a work in progress but should be very helpful. For best use, use the search function in your browser to find words. Moo Duk Kwan!

English Korean
ancient name of the martial art in Korea Soo Bahk Do
about face dorra
arc hand agwi son
arc hand strike agwi son chi gi
arm pol
assistant instructor kyo sa nim
attack kong kyuk
attention
cha ryot or cha ryut
attention stance
cha ryot sogi (or cha ryot)
back dwi
back fist
dung joomock or kwon do
back fist strike
dung joomock chi gi
back hand son dung
back kick
dwi cha gi or dwee cha kee
back spinning chop kick
dwee dull ryo chit go cha kee
back stance
dwi gubi sogi or hu gul jase
balance jung shim
ball of foot ahpchook
basic
ki bon or kee cho
basic form ki bon poomse
bear hand kom son
begin/go ahead si jak (or shi jak)
beginner cho bo ja
belt dee
between mouth and nose (philtrum) in joong
block
maggi or mahk kee
body momtong
bow
kyong ye or kyung yet
breathing control shim ho hyup
break/stop kalyeo
breaking (techniques)
kyuk pah or kyok pa
by the count
ku rung ae mat cho so
circular inside to outside kick (crescent)
ahn ye seo bahk euro cha kee
circular outside to inside kick (crescent)
bahk ye seo ahn euro cha kee
circular outside to inside block kick (crescent)
bahk ye seo ahn euro mah go cha kee
chest protector ka soom ho goo
choking hand ah gumson
containing vital energy stance po jumok sogi
continue kae sok
count ku ryung
crane stance hakarti sogi
crescent kick bandul cha gi
dan holder you dan ja
deduction of point gam jum
degree/holder of the midnight blue belt dan
diagnol inside to outside snap kick peet cha kee
diamond block/Hercules block kumkang maggi
double narae
double block narae maggi
double kick narae cha gi
double knife hand block son nal maggi
double punch du jumok chirugi
down block/low block ahre maggi
duck foot stance
bal bul ri go mao sogi jase
eight yodul or yo dol
eighth pul or pal
elbow palkoop
elbow strike (attack)
palkoop chi gi or pal koop kong kyuk
energy (internal energy or life force) him
external power weh kung
face eolgul
face block/rising block/high block
eolgul maggi (or wee maggi)
fifth oh
fingertip son kut
first el or il
fist joomock
five dasot or ta sot
fixed stance (low back stance) go jong sogi
flag guk gi
fly/flying ye tan
flying kick ye tan cha gi
focus of the eyes shi sun
foot baal
foot techniques jok kee
forearm palmock
forefist joong kwon
fore knuckle hand ban jul kwan soo
form/pattern/formal exercise
hyung or poomse (also poomsae)
four net
fourth sa
free sparring ja yoo dae ryun
front ahp
front kick ap cha kee
front outer side of foot bal ahp bury yup
front stance
ahp gubi sogi or chon gool jase
front rising kick
ahp bodo olligi (or ahp cha olligi)
front snap kick
front thrust (push) kick
goodbye
ahn nyoghi gasipsiyo (to the one who leaves), ahn nyonghi gesipsiyo (to the one who stays)
go ahead/begin/start si jak
grade (colored belt) gup
grandmaster (7th to 9th degree blackbelt) kwanjangnim
groin defense noollo maggi
gup holder you gup ja
gymnasium or training hall (for Taekwondo) dojang
hammer fist
me joomock or kap kwon
hammer fist strik
me joomock chi gi
hand techniques soo kee
hand son
head mo li
healing (through accupressure)
googup hwal bop
heel
dwi chook or bal dwee koom chi
hello ahn nyong
high wee
high punch
sang dan kong kyuk
high section sang dan
high section knifehand block
soo do sang dan mahk kee
hold/stop gu mahn
holding jupgi
hook tol
hook, hooking (direction) gullgi
hook kick
gullgi cha gi or huryo cha gi
hook punch huryo chi gi
hook stance koa sogi
horseback riding (horse) stance
juchoom sogi or kee mahk jase
how are you?
ahn nyong hasimnika
in, inner ahn
inner block ahn maggi
inside to outside block
soo do sang dan mahk kee
instep
baaldung or bal deung
instructor (1st to 3rd degree blackbelt)
instructor (above 3th degree blackbelt) sabomnim
internal power neh kung
judge bu sim
juror bae sim
jump/jumping yo
jumping (all jumping kicks start with this term) e dan
jumping double front kick
dubal pulryo cha gi
jumping kick
twi o cha gi or yo cha gi
junior member hu beh
Karate do Tang Soo Do
kick
cha gi or cha kee
knee
moo rup or moo roop
knee strike
moo rup chi gi or moo roop cha kee
kneeling kool o angi
knee turnging round house kick
moo roop dull ryo cha kee
knife foot baal nul
knife hand
son nal or soo do
knife hand block son nal maggi
knife hand strike son nal chi gi
knuckel fist pyon joomock
knuckle fist strike
pyon joomock chi gi
left wen or wen jok
leg dari or ta ri
life force him
lotus position (yoga seated posture) baro angi
low ahre maggi
low block/down block
ahre maggi or ha dan mahk kee
low back stance
chwe ha dan jase
low section ha dan
low section knife hand block
soo do ha dan mahk kee
master (4th to 6th degree blackbelt) kwanjangnim
martial art/moral culture/way of life do
meditation
jongsin tongil or muk nyum
middle gaunde
middle block momtong maggi
middle punch front stance joong dan kong
middle section joong dan
middle section knife hand block
soo do joong dan mahk kee
mountain block santil maggi
mouth ip
national flag kuk gi
neck mok
nine ahop (or a hop)
ninth koo or ku
offense gong kyok
one hana (or ha na)
one finger fist il ji kwon
one finger spear hand il ji kwon soo
one step sparring
il soo shik dae ryun
organisation flag kwan gi
out/outer backat
outer arm block
ahn palmok pakhag maggi or backat maggi
outside inside block
bahk ye seo ahn euro mahk kee
palm foot bal ba dak mit
palm heel
batang son, son ba dak mit (jang kwon)
palm heel block
batang son maggi
palm heel strike batang son chi gi
partial mountain block ur santil maggi
pattern/form/formal exercise
poomse or poomsae
penalty kyong go
plier hand jip kye shon
point jeum
point deduction gam jeum
protruding knuckle bam joomok
protruding knuckle strike
bam joomok chi gi
prefect ban jang
pre warning joo ui
punch chi gi or chirugi
push/pushing mil ya
pushing kick mil ya cha gi
rank
gup (colored belts), dan (blackbelts)
ready
joonbi or joon bee
ready for kick
bal cha kee joon bee
ready stance
pyong sogi, joonbi or joon bee jase
recorder (tournament official) ki rohk
referee joo sim
relax shio
return (to previous or starting position) barro or ba ro
reverse outer arm block pakhag maggi
reverse punch paro chirugi
reverse punch, back stance
yuk jin kong kyuk
reverse inside to outside block tro ahn ye seo bahk euro mahk kee
reverse outside to inside block
tro bahk ye seo ahn euro mahk kee
ridge hand (reverse knifehand)
son nal dung or yuk soo do
ridge hand strike
son nal dung chi gi
right
o ruen or o rin jok
rising block/face block/high block
eolgul maggi, wee maggi, or sang dan mahk kee
rolling/tumbling goorugi
round (direction) dolryo
round (competition segment) jeon
roundhouse kick
school (for Taekwondo) kwan
School of Martial Virtue Moo Duk Kwan
scissors block kawi maggi
second e or ee
self defense
hosinsool, ho sin sul or bo shin bop
senior dan holder ko dan ja
senior member sun beh
seven ilgub or il gop
seventh chil
side yop
side heel bal yup koom chi
side hook kick yup hu ri kee
side of heel under the foot
bal dwee koom chi yup ba dak
side punch (horse stance punch)
yop chirugi or hoeng jin kong kyuk
side rising kick yop bodo olligi
side snap kick
yop cha gi or yup podo cha kee
side stamping kick
bahl yup chit pal kee
side stance sa goh rip jase
side thrust kick yop jillo cha gi
single knife hand block
han son nal maggi
sit chak sut
sitting sparring chwa dae ryun
six yasot or yo sot
sixth yuk
soft fist yoo kwon
spar, sparring
kyorugi or dae ryun
spear fingers pyon son kut
spear fingers strike
pyon son kut chi gi
spear hand
sonnal dung or kwan soo
spear hand strike (attack)
sonnal dung chi gi or kwan soo kong kyuk
spin/spinning momtong dolryo
spinning back kick
dwee dull ryo cha kee
spinning kick
momtong dolyro cha gi
spinning strike tol gae chi gi
spiritual power kung
spreading block hecho maggi
square punch tol chi gi
stamping kick chit bal kee
stance sogi
stop gu mahn
strike/punch chi gi
student member kwan won
switch ba quo
ten yol
tenth sib or ship
thank you gamsa hamnida
three set
three step sparring
sam soo shik dae ryun
throw, throwing donsigi
thrust, thrusting jirugi
third sam
tiger stance bum sogi
time shi gan
timer (tournament official) kae sim
turn around/about face dorra
twisted stance/hook stance koa sogi
two dul or tul
two finger spear hand ee ji kwan soo
two first (X) high block
sang soo sang dan mahk kee
two fist (X) low block
sang soo ha dan mahk kee
two fist middle block
sang soo joong dan mahk kee
turn around/about face tora
turn to rear dwee ro tora
upper wrist technique son mok deung
uniform (Taekwondo) dobok or do balk
walking stance ahp sogi
waist huri
warning kyong go
way of life/moral culture/martial art do
win seung
without the count ku ryung op shi
wrist
sonmock or pal mok
X block
yeot pero maggi or
yell/shout (to collect and focus internal energy) ki hop or ki hap
you are welcome chonmaney